Acidity

The food we eat goes into our stomach through the esophagus. The gastric glands in your stomach create acid, which is necessary to digest the food. When the gastric glands create more acid than needed for the digestion process, you can feel a burning sensation below the breastbone. This condition is commonly known as acidity.

Acidity, also called acid reflux, is a condition that is characterized by heartburn that is felt around the lower chest area. It is a common condition that occurs when stomach acid flows back up into the food pipe. The most common acid reflux symptom is a burning sensation in the chest or pain. While most people suffer in pain, they do not realize that poor lifestyle choices are the primary reason behind acidity.

When acidity symptoms occur more than twice a week, your doctor may diagnose you with Gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD. Chronic acidity may lead to serious risks that include:

  • Esophagus damage: Esophagus is the tube that connects your mouth to your stomach and when acid moves back up and enters the esophagus, it sets the stage for esophageal ulcers, oesophagitis, esophageal strictures, and Barrett’s Oesophagus.
  • Esophagus cancer: There is an increased risk of esophagus cancer, which is more likely if you have a history of the condition in the family.
  • Cavities/tooth decay: Acid reflux can wear down the enamel of your teeth and lead to cavities.

 

Acidity is caused due to excess production of acid in the stomach by the gastric glands. Factors that cause acidity include:

  • Skipping meals or eating at irregular times
  • Unhealthy eating habits
  • Eating just before sleeping
  • Overeating
  • Consumption of spicy food
  • High intake of table salt
  • Diet low in dietary fiber

 

Side-effects of certain temporary medications as well as existing medications

It includes medications such as

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Medicines for high blood pressure
  • Antibiotics
  • Depression and anxiety medications

 

Other causes include:

  • Consumption of non-vegetarian food
  • Excessive stress
  • Lack of sleep
  • Frequent smoking
  • Lack of physical exercise
  • Frequent consumption of alcohol

 

 

 Acidity symptoms

Acidity symptoms differ from one person to another. Most things that contribute to gas also lead to acidity meaning gas and acidity symptoms are almost similar. While the most common acid reflux symptoms are chest pain and burning sensation below the breastbone, there are other symptoms that are uncommon. Acidity symptoms include the following:

  • Burning sensation and pain in the stomach
  • Burning sensation and pain in the throat
  • Difficulty swallowing or the sensation of food being stuck in your throat
  • Frequent burping or hiccups, for no apparent reason
  • Burning sensation and pain in the chest
  • Regurgitation: Prolonged sour taste in the mouth or bitter-tasting acid that backs up into your throat and mouth
  • Post-meal heaviness
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • Bad breath
  • Restlessness

 

 Hyperacidity symptoms include:

  • Heartburn: Persistent pain or discomfort that moves from your stomach to your chest and sometimes even up to your throat.
  • Chronic discomfort in the upper abdomen
  • Bloody or black stool, often accompanied by bloody vomiting
  • Wheezing, dry cough, hoarseness, or chronic sore throat
  • Weight loss for no apparent reason

 

truly Indian…truly ancient

0